DermNet NZ

Facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand Trust. Topic index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


SCORAD is a clinical tool used to assess the extent and severity of eczema (SCORing Atopic Dermatitis). Dermatologists may use this tool before and after treatment to determine whether the treatment has been effective.


To determine extent, the sites affected by eczema are shaded on a drawing of a body. The rule of 9 is used to calculate the affected area (A) as a percentage of the whole body.

The score for each area is added up. The total area is 'A', which has a possible maximum of 100%.


A representative area of eczema is selected. In this area, the intensity of each of the following signs is assessed as none (0), mild (1), moderate (2) or severe (3).

The intensity scores are added together to give 'B' (maximum 18).

Atopic dermatitis
Redness: 1; Swelling: 0; Oozing: 0; Scratching: 0; Lichenification: 1.
Atopic dermatitis
Redness: 2; Swelling: 1; Oozing: 1; Scratching: 1; Lichenification: 1.
Atopic dermatitis
Redness: 1; Swelling: 1; Oozing: 1; Scratching: 3; Lichenification: 3.
Atopic dermatitis: intensity scoring

Subjective symptoms

Subjective symptoms i.e., itch and sleeplessness, are each scored by the patient or relative using a visual analogue scale where 0 is no itch (or no sleeplessness) and 10 is the worst imaginable itch (or sleeplessness). These scores are added to give 'C' (maximum 20).

Total score

The SCORAD for that individual is A/5 + 7B/2 + C

Related information


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Author: Dr Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton New Zealand.

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If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice.