Author: Vanessa Ngan, Staff Writer, 2005.
The harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources are well established. Sunburn is often the first sign of excessive exposure to these damaging rays, whilst long-term consequences may include photoageing and skin cancer. Some people need to be particularly careful because they are photosensitive.
Currently, the main method of protection against UV radiation is the use of topical sunscreens. However, there are several limiting factors with regards to the protection they provide. They need to be applied regularly (every 2 hours or immediately after swimming or strenuous activity) and getting uniform coverage over the entire body is often difficult to achieve.
In recent years, there has been much interest in the use of oral and topical antioxidants as photoprotective agents. These antioxidants work against the harmful effects of UV radiation via a number of ways that may include:
Antioxidant photoprotective agents that are available in oral and/or topical preparations include:
Oral preparations are commonly available as nutritional/dietary supplements from health food suppliers.
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