Announcing the new book by DermNet NZ

Download a FREE sample chapter


Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn pathology

Author: Assoc Prof Patrick Emanuel, Dermatopathologist, Auckland, New Zealand. January 2015.

Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is a rare disorder that occurs in term or post-term neonates. Typical lesions include smooth, erythematous, subcutaneous nodules or plaques located on the cheeks, shoulders, back, buttocks, or thighs. Lesions usually develop within the first weeks of life and regress over the following weeks without treatment.

Histology of subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn

In subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn there is a lobular panniculitis with an infiltrate of mixed inflammatory cells. Needle-shaped clefts, in radial array, are seen in adipocytes and giant cells (figures 1–4) .

Special studies for sbcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn

None are generally needed.

Differential diagnosis of subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn

Sclerema neonatorum: This shows identical crystals but there is minimal associated infiltrate or reaction.

Poststeroid panniculitis: This can be histologically identical and may need clinical correlation for confident distinction.

Related information

Make a donation

Donate Today

Help us to update and maintain DermNet New Zealand

Submit your images

We are expanding our image library

Contact us

History of DermNet NZ

Watch Dr Amanda Oakley presenting 'The History Of DermNet NZ' at The International Society Of Teledermatology.

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
DermNet NZ Newsletter