Subscribe to our dermatology newsletter


Wound healing


Developed in collaboration with the University of Auckland Goodfellow Unit in 2007.

Author: Hon A/Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2009.  

Images have been sourced from the following:

  • Hon Assoc Prof Amanda Oakley
  • The Department of Dermatology, Health Waikato
  • Prof Raimo Suhonen (Finland)

 goodfellow unit logo

Normal wound healing CME

Next Previous

Created 2009.

Learning objectives


Skin generally heals rapidly to restore barrier function after injuries such as cuts, abrasions, thermal burns, puncture wounds and blisters.

The severity of a wound depends on its surface area and depth. Partial thickness wounds can recruit new keratinocytes from adjacent adnexal tissue and can regenerate much more rapidly than full thickness wounds of the same surface area where regeneration of epithelium arises only from keratinocytes on the wound edges. Damage to the dermis can be repaired but results in altered tissue i.e. a scar. However, fetal wounds heal by regeneration without fibrosis so do not result in scars.

Injury results in epidermal and dermal repair:

Haemostasis creates a protective wound scab beneath which cell migration and movement of the wound edges can occur.
Inflammation brings nutrients to the area of the wound, removes debris and bacteria, and provides chemical stimuli for wound repair.
Repair begins immediately after wounding and proceeds rapidly through the processes of epithelialisation, fibroplasia, and capillary proliferation into the healing area.

Wounds can be classified as either acute or chronic. Acute wounds are sometimes defined as those that follow the normal phases of healing; they are expected to show signs of healing in less than 4 weeks and include postoperative wounds. Chronic wounds are those that persist for longer than 4 weeks and are often of complex poorly understood origin.

Epidermal repair

Dermal repair

Moist wound healing

A moist environment is beneficial compared with a dry wound. Moist wounds:


Describe typical acute and chronic wounds seen in your clinic recently.

Related information

Next Previous  

Email Newsletter

Would you like to receive our dermatology updates by email?


Submit your images

We're seeking high-quality photos of skin diseases.  


Skin lesion photography

Watch Dr Amanda Oakley presenting "Skin lesion photography" at The Australasian Skin Cancer Congress.

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
DermNet NZ Newsletter