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DermNet is the world’s free resource and authority on all things skin. We help thousands of people make informed, evidence-based decisions on how to care for skin conditions, by providing reliable information at the click of a button.

Supported by and contributed to by New Zealand Dermatologists on behalf of the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated.

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Childhood infections

Meningococcal petechiae
Meningococcal disease

Meningococcal disease is an illness caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis.

Measles
Measles

Measles is a highly contagious viral infection causing fever and a rash. Early symptoms are like the common cold, with...

Chickenpox
Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral infection that causes an acute fever and blistered rash, mainly in children.

Fifth disease
Fifth disease

Erythema infectiosum is a common childhood infection causing a slapped cheek appearance and a rash.

Herald patch: pityriasis rosea
Pityriasis rosea

Pityriasis rosea is a viral rash which lasts about 6–12 weeks. It is characterised by a herald patch followed by...

Impetigo
Impetigo

Impetigo is a common acute superficial bacterial skin infection (pyoderma).

Boil
Boil

A boil (also called a furuncle) is a deep form of bacterial folliculitis (infection of a hair follicle).

Vesicles on palm in hand foot and mouth disease
Hand foot and mouth disease

Hand foot and mouth disease (HFM) is a common mild and short-lasting viral infection most often affecting young children.

Infantile papular acrodermatitis
Papular acrodermatitis

Papular acrodermatitis of childhood is a characteristic response of the skin to viral infection in which there is a papular...

Molluscum contagiosum
Molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection of childhood that causes localised clusters of epidermal papules called mollusca.

Viral warts
VIral warts

A viral wart is a very common benign lesion caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).

Head louse
Head lice

Head lice are small, wingless insects that infest the human scalp.

Scabies
Scabies

Scabies is a very itchy rash caused by a parasitic mite that burrows in the skin surface.

Slider: Childhood infections

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