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Author: Dr Weng Chyn Chan MB ChB, Dept of Dermatology Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2004.
Clindamycin is a lincosamide antibiotic. It is used to treat infections due to susceptible bacteria.
Clindamycin can be used topically, orally or intravenously. In New Zealand (July 2017), it is available on prescription. In other countries, it may also be available as a topical foam, vaginal cream and oral suspension.
Clindamycin is quickly absorbed after oral administration, and absorption is not affected by food.
Dermatologists prescribe clindamycin for a variety of skin conditions.
Indications for clindamycin solution, gel or lotion include:
Clindamycin is also available to treat acne in combination with benzoyl peroxide.
Clindamycin vaginal cream is used to treat bacterial vaginosis.
Together with rifampicin, uses for oral clindamycin include:
Clindamycin is active against gram-positive organisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, streptococci and Cutibacterium) and gram-negative organisms (Bacteroides species). Susceptible organisms include both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.
Oral clindamycin is generally well tolerated. However, there are significant side effects that may affect some people taking the medicine orally or by injection (they are very rarely seen with the topical preparations).
Clindamycin has been associated with colitis (inflammation of the bowel); this is caused by a toxin produced from an overgrowth of a bacterium, Clostridium difficile. Symptoms can range from mild watery diarrhoea to severe, persistent diarrhoea with fever, abdominal cramps and the passage of blood and mucus. It may be potentially dangerous. If significant diarrhoea develops while taking clindamycin, the drug should be stopped. A stool test may show the presence of the toxin. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms. Stopping the medication may be enough; however, more severe cases may require hospitalisation for intravenous fluid and antibiotic therapy.
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