Facial rejuvenation

Author: Dr Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2001.

Over time, skin loses its youthful appearance. This natural ageing process is often accelerated by:

The visible results are superficial blemishes – broken capillaries, freckles (lentigos), and keratoses (dry spots), scars, fine wrinkles and deep furrows.

Rejuvenation of facial skin can be achieved in a number of different ways.

Antiageing creams are applied to the face, neck and hands long term. These may contain:

Fillers (implants) can be injected under the skin to disguise crows' feet lines, whistle lines and some scars. These include:

Resurfacing refers to surgical or laser procedures that take off the top layer of skin, smoothing it out.

Surgery is necessary to disguise or remove sagging and loose skin.

Botulinum toxin is used to paralyse overactive muscles of facial expression especially in the central forehead and crow's feet.

Facial capillaries can be removed using a vascular laser or intense pulsed light

Brown spots can be removed using pigment lasers or intense pulsed light.

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