Angular cheilitis

Author: Dr Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Hamilton, New Zealand, 2010.


Angular cheilitis — codes and concepts
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What is angular cheilitis?

Angular cheilitis is a common inflammatory condition affecting the corners of the mouth or oral commissures. Depending on underlying causes, it may last a few days or persist indefinitely. It is also called angular stomatitis, cheilosis and perleche (perlèche).

Angular cheilitis

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What causes angular cheilitis?

Angular cheilitis is due to one or more of the following factors:

Who is prone to angular cheilitis?

Angular cheilitis is common and affects children and adults, especially when they are in poor health. Predisposing factors include:

It is made worse by licking the lips.

What are the clinical features of angular cheilitis?

Angular cheilitis may result in the following symptoms and signs at the corners of the mouth:

  • Painful cracks/fissures
  • Blisters / erosions / ooze / crusting
  • Redness
  • Bleeding.

It may progress to more widespread impetigo or candidal skin infection on the adjacent skin and elsewhere.

Investigations

The culture of swabs taken from the corners of the mouth may reveal:

Skin biopsy is not usually necessary.

Treatment of angular cheilitis

In many cases, no treatment is needed and angular cheilitis resolves by itself. Depending on the specific cause, the following treatments may be useful:

 

Related information

 

On DermNet NZ

Other websites

  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Italian language, 9 March 2019 by FA Teknologi
  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Russian language, 12 October 2015 by Everycloudtech
  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Japanese language, 23 June 2017 by Daily Deals Coupon
  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Hindi language, 6 February 2018 by Priti Agarwal
  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Punjabi language, 4 January 2018 by Bydiscountcodes
  • Angular cheilitis – translation of DermNet NZ page into Vietnamese language, 22 December 2015

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