Glandular cheilitis

Author: Adjunct Assoc Prof Amanda Oakley, Dermatologist, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand. February 2017.

What is glandular cheilitis?

Glandular glandularis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the lower lip.

Who gets glandular cheilitis?

Glandular cheilitis mainly affects older males, although it has been reported in women and young people.

What causes glandular cheilitis?

The cause of glandular cheiltis is unknown. It is associated with: 

What are the clinical features of glandular cheilitis? 

Cheilitis glandularis typically has the following features:

What are the complications of glandular cheilitis?

How is glandular cheilitis diagnosed?

Glandular cheilitis is a clinical diagnosis. A biopsy of the affected area may be reported as nonspecific. Findings may include:

What is the treatment of glandular cheilitis?

In most cases, treatment is not necessary and may be unsuccessful at restoring the lip to normal. In some cases, treatment for associated sun damage or infection may be necessary.

The most important advice is smoking cessation and careful protection from further sun exposure using frequent water-resistant high protection factor sunscreen lip balm.

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